Tsakanin Barazanar Yunwa Da Tsadar Abinci

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Tsakanin Barazanar Yunwa Da Tsadar Abinci

Daga Mahdi M. Muhammad

Farashin abinci, a cewar binciken Jaridar MOBILIZED9JA a ranar Lahadin da ta gabata, ya karu ne a yayin da talakawa ke fama da karancin ikon saye, saboda haka, yawancin magidanta da halin hauhawar farashin kayayyaki ya katse musu albashi, ba za su iya jure sayen ingantaccen abinci ba a cikin wannna yanayin.
Yayin da hauhawar farashin kayan abinci ke ci gaba, halin tattalin arziki da ake ciki a yanzu, a cewar masana, barazana ce ga amfanin iyalai, ‘yan kasuwa da masu saka jari.
Sakamakon bincike ya nuna cewa, hauhawar farashin kayan abinci ya tashi zuwa kashi 22.95 a cikin watan Maris, wanda ya haifar da hauhawar farashin mai a kan kayan abinci irinsu, hatsi, dawa, nama, kifi da ‘ya’yan itatuwa. Tsadar farashin kayan abincin yau da kullum an zarge shi da rikici tsakanin manoma da makiyaya a sashin darajar noma da kuma gwagwarmaya tsakanin makiyaya da ke zaune a cikin wuraren ta’addanci da tawaye a kasar.
Bugu da kari, kimar darajar Naira tare da hauhawar farashin sufuri wajen jigilar kayayyaki a duk fadin kasar solar kasance abubuwan bayar da gudummawa ga halin da ake ciki a yanzu.
Da yake maida martani recreation da wannan lamari, babban darakta na kungiyar Masana’antu ta Nijeriya (MAN), Mista Segun Ajayi-Kadir, ya bayyana cewa, hauhawar farashin ya yi mummunan tasiri ga ribar masana’antun kasar da kuma gasa.
Ya yi ishara da cewa, akwai bukatar gwamnati cikin gaggawa ta tabbatar da daidaiton farashi kafin lamarin ya munana.
Ajayi-Kadir ya jaddada bukatar da ke akwai ga gwamnatin tarayya da ta bi matakan daidaita farashin kayan masarufi da za su bunkasa ci gaban noma.
Ya kara da cewa, “bukatar gwamnatin tarayya ta hada gwiwa da masu masana’antun kasar wajen zabar kayan masarufi musamman wadanda ke da alakar hadin gwiwar masana’antu da hadin kai don tallafawa hadakar baya, yayin da kuma ke inganta kokarin samar da hanyoyin bunkasa masana’antu.”
Da take magana a kan lamarin sabbin alkaluman farashin, shugabar kungiyar Kasuwanci da Masana’antu ta jihar Legas (LCCI), Misis Toki Mabogunje, a cikin wata sanarwa ga MOBILIZED9JA, ta bayyana cewa, ci gaba a cikin hauhawar farashin kaya yana karuwa ne saboda ci gaba da matsin lamba na abinci duk da haka wani tarihin da ya kai kashi 23 cikin 100 a watan Maris.
Mabogunje ta ce, ci gaba da hauhawar farashin kayan abinci ya bayyana a ci gaba da rikicin manoma da makiyaya wanda ya kara saurin hauhawar farashin kayayyaki a cikin tattalin arziki.
A cewar ta, manyan abubuwan da ke jawo hauhawar farashin kayan masarufi su ne wadanda suka fi karfin tsarin manufofin kudi.
Ta kuma tabbatar da cewa ci gaba cikin hanzari kan farashin abinci shi ne matsalar tsaro a yankin Arewa wanda ke ci gaba da dagula ayyukan noma a wadannan yankuna tare da tsadar kudin safarar kayayyakin abinci daga gonaki zuwa kasuwanni sakamakon hauhawar farashin man fetur (PMS) da Diesel.
Shugaban na LCCI ta ci gaba da cewa, manyan abubuwan hauhawar farashin a cikin ‘yan watannin nan solar hada da canjin kudaden waje, tsadar farashin fetur, daidaita canjin wutar lantarki da kuma sauke kaya a tashar jiragen ruwa.
Ta bayyana cewa, ci gaba da hauhawar farashin kayayyaki yana da matukar tasiri ga duk masu ruwa da tsaki a harkar tattalin arziki da suka hada da gidaje, ‘yan kasuwa, da masu saka hannun jari, tana mai cewa, hakan na raunana karfin sayayya, kuma hakan yana kara dagula yanayin talauci.
“Yana kara tsadar aiki da kayan masarufi kuma yana lalata samun riba, inda kuma a karshe yana lalata karfin gwiwa ga masu saka jari tare da hauhawar farashin kayayyaki,”in ji ta.
Wani binciken da aka gudanar kwanan nan a kasuwar Legas ya nuna cewa, tsarin kari da tsarin hauhawar farashin kayan abinci yayin da masu saye da sayarwa da dillalai suka bayyana mummunan halin da suka shiga.
A wata hira da jaridar MOBILIZED9JA, wani wata kasuwa, wanda ake kira Mama Oma ta koka da cewa, “Doyar da na sayo a watan jiya ita ce N780, yanzu ana sayar da ita kan N1,000. Buhun shinkafar da na saya a watan jiya N24,000, amma yanzu ana sayarwa tsakanin N26,000 zuwa sama. Ga wadanda ke sayen kananan abubuwa kamar matsakaiciyar kwanon tumatir (Derika), ya kasance N450, amma yanzu N500 ne. Kofin wake wanda aka sayar akan N300, yanzu zai koma N400. Lita 5 man gyada wanda aka sayar tsakanin N2800 zuwa N3,300 a watan jiya, yanzu ana sayarwa tsakanin N3,500 zuwa N4,000.
Wata mahaifiya mai shayarwa, Misis Seun Ogunbowale da ke sayen kayan masarufi, ta ce, ta sayi spaghetti a yanzu Naira 230, wa ya san abin da kwanon madara wanda da farko aka sayar da shi kan N200 duk da cewa yanzu ya fita kasuwa zai sayar idan ya sake bayyana a kasuwa
“Farashin Maggi ya tashi zuwa N700, amma kafin wannan watan an sayar da shi kan N600. Katan din kaza yanzu ya zama N18, 000 yayin da yake N16, 000 a watan da ya gabata, amma akwai ci gaba a farashin man turkey wanda yanzu ya zama N20,000 sabanin N21, 000 a watan da ya gabata. Azumin Ramadan bai shafi karuwar farashin ba. Gaba daya ban yarda da duk wadanda suke dora laifin hauhawar kaya ga azumin Ramadan ba. Bokitin Tumatir kamar yadda yake a watan da ya gabata ya kasance N800, amma farashin yanzu shine N1,500, barkono N500 kamar yadda yake a watan da ya gabata amma yanzu ya zama N1,000. Buhun madarar yara da na saya a watan da ya gabata kan N12, 200 yanzu N14, 200 yake. A gaskiya, sai da na saya duk da hauhawar farashin,” in ji ta
Haka zalika, a karamar tashar jirgin saman Tarayyar Nijeriya (FAAN), shugabar mata (Iyaloja), Misis Fausat Shehu, ta ce, ana sayar da karamar buhun shinkafa kan N24,000, buhun dogon shinkafa – N28,000. tashin, ta ce ya sabawa N21,500 wadannan kayayyaki da aka sayar kafin fara azumin Ramadan.
“Ga wake, kafin watan Afrilu, ana sayar da jaka kan N23,000, amma farashin yanzu shine N28,000, garin rogo, farashin buhu ya karu zuwa N24,000, idan aka kwatanta da watan da ya gabata lokacin da farashin ya kasance N13,500,” in ji ta.
Ta kara da cewa, “An sayar da fulawar garin rogo mai launi kan N12, 200 a da, amma yanzu ya zama N15, 000. A da muna sayen kilo 10 na Semo kan N3,800 amma yanzu N4,200 ya ke, kilo 1 yanzu ya zama N500.”
Ita ma da take magana, wata mai sayar da kaya a Akute, jihar Ogun, Misis Biola Bolarinwa ta ce, ana sayar da katan din madarar kan N3,700 a kan N4,300 tana mai cewa, akwai karin farashin N600 zuwa farashin farko da take saya a kasuwa.
Ta ba da labarin yadda dukkanin tsarin farashin kayayyaki a kasuwar ke karuwa da yanayin taurari don raunana ikon sayayya na masu amfani.
Bugu da kari kuma, kimar hauhawar farashin kaya a halin yanzu ba ta taba faruwa ba. A shahararriyar kasuwar abinci da ke Agege a babban yankin Legas, ‘yan kasuwa da masu sayayya solar koka da irin wannan mummunan hauhawar farashin kayan abincin.
kwayar doya ta kasance tsakanin naira 700 zuwa 800 a ‘yan watannin da suka gabata kafin watan Ramadan ya yi sama zuwa naira 1,300,” inji Sade Adisa.
Farashin shinkafa, alkama da sukari ya haura daidai kamar yadda kuma farashin kwai ya kusan ninki biyu daga watan Janairu zuwa N1,500.
Ya kamata gwamnatinmu ta shawo kan hauhawar farashin kayayyaki ta hanyar fadada tattalin arziki don rage dogaro da kudaden shigar mai, kamar saka hannun jari a harkar noma da kuma bangare mara ruwa.
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